Greater Manchester local authorities are working together to develop a Clean Air Plan to tackle air pollution on local roads.
We’ve put together a series of measures that would help us clean up some of Greater Manchester’s most polluting vehicles.
Our proposal aims to achieve legal levels of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) on Greater Manchester’s local road network by 2024. They include:
If you own or drive a vehicle classed as a bus or coach in Greater Manchester, these plans could affect you.
PLEASE NOTE: If you have a coach operating a paid-for service which is not a registered bus service in Greater Manchester, it is classified as a heavy goods vehicle (HGV). Please visit the heavy goods vehicle page.
For the purposes of our Clean Air Plan proposals, a bus or coach is a vehicle designed to carry passengers with more than 16 passenger seats.
A vehicle designed to carry passengers with between eight and 16 passenger seats is legally classed as a minibus.
If you own a minibus and would like to find out if your vehicle could be affected by the proposals, please visit the van, minibus, motorhome or motorised horsebox page.
Or if you drive your minibus as a private hire vehicle please visit the taxis and private hire vehicles page.
We’re proposing to introduce a Clean Air Zone across the whole of Greater Manchester from 2021.
Vehicles with the dirtiest emissions would be subject to a pay a daily penalty to enter and/or travel within Greater Manchester.
Buses or coaches which have a Euro 5 or earlier engine (typically registered before 2013) are likely to be subject to the daily penalty.
However, vehicles with a Euro 6 engine (likely to have been registered from 2013 onwards), or ultra-low emission vehicles bus or coach, would not be subject to a daily penalty if a Clean Air Zone is introduced.
You can check whether a vehicle is likely to be subject to a daily penalty in the proposed Clean Air Zone on our vehicle checker.
The vehicles included in the Clean Air Zone proposals are based around intensity and frequency of use.
Commercial and passenger transport vehicles are used much more intensively, and are often operating in town and city centres with greater frequency, so the benefit of cleaning them up is far greater.
All vehicle types were considered in the development of the current proposals, which are based around the requirement to achieve legal levels of NO2 on Greater Manchester’s local road network in the shortest possible time. Read more.
The Clean Air Zone would cover the whole of Greater Manchester, so we don’t shift pollution from one area to another.
The exact boundary will be developed by looking in detail at the local road network and using feedback from engagement with residents, businesses and stakeholders.
The Clean Air Zone would:
Any income from the Clean Air Zone would be used to cover its running costs. After that, any leftover money would be spent on improving transport in Greater Manchester. This might include improvements to public transport and cycling and walking schemes.
We don’t yet have details of how you could apply for funding, or how much the funding could be for each vehicle. but we're working to develop the details to make sure that we help those who need it most first.
It’s proposed that non-compliant buses and coaches would be subject to a daily penalty payment of £100 to drive in Greater Manchester from 2021, should a Clean Air Zone be introduced.
If the penalty is not paid, a Penalty Charge Notice (PCN) payment of £120 is proposed which would be in addition to the original daily penalty.
We estimate that more than 1,100 buses (around 58% of those registered in Greater Manchester) would need to pay a daily penalty if a Clean Air Zone was introduced in 2021.
As well as the Clean Air Zone, we’re proposing a number of government-funded schemes for people and businesses in Greater Manchester who own vehicles that would be subject to a Clean Air Zone daily penalty.
Those operating registered bus services in Greater Manchester could apply to a proposed £29m Clean Bus Fund for financial support to help them to upgrade to cleaner vehicles and so avoid paying the daily penalty.
Subject to government approval, we expect the funds to be available in 2020, so that eligible vehicle owners could apply for funding to help upgrade their vehicles before the proposed Clean Air Zone is introduced.
This might be through upgrading the vehicle or using retrofit technology to reduce the emissions the vehicle produces, so it becomes compliant.
The proposals also include investigating a scheme to offer loans at preferential rates for bus and coach owners looking to take advantage of the Clean Bus Fund to buy or lease a compliant vehicle.
The Clean Bus Fund and loan scheme are dependent on Greater Manchester receiving sufficient funding from government.
We don’t yet have details of how you could apply for funding, or how much the funding could be for each vehicle, but we're working to develop the details to make sure that we help those who need it most first.
Under our current proposals, the Clean Freight Fund would support vehicles which are registered in Greater Manchester.
We’re proposing a range of supporting measures to help Greater Manchester’s people and businesses clean up our air. This includes:
Thanks for reading about the Clean Air Plan proposals which could affect some buses and coaches. You can read more about the proposals as they affect other vehicles elsewhere on this site.
Earlier this year, the 10 Greater Manchester local authorities considered the Clean Air Plan Outline Business Case and it was submitted to government in March 2019.
A seven-week 'Clean Air conversation' - giving the general public, businesses and stakeholders the chance to give their views on the proposals - ended on 30 June 2019. We are now using the feedback we received during the conversation to develop the detailed proposals.
A statutory public consultation will follow, giving another opportunity for comment and feedback before proposals are resubmitted to local authorities for their further consideration and approval.
A Full Business Case would then be developed and submitted to government. Subject to government approval and funding, measures would be introduced from 2020, with the Clean Air Zone being introduced in two phases from 2021 and 2023.
You can subscribe for news and updates, including a link to the consultation webpage once it's live.
Read: A summary of our proposals to improve air quality for Greater Manchester (PDF format)
Read: A summary of our proposals to improve air quality for Greater Manchester (RTF format)
View: British Sign Language (BSL) video summary of our proposals to improve air quality for Greater Manchester.
You can keep up-to-date on our proposals: