Greater Manchester launches conversation on proposals to tackle roadside air pollution

May 14th, 2019

Greater Manchester is asking for views on its ambitious proposals to tackle the urgent problem of roadside air pollution across the city-region, including the largest Clean Air Zone outside London.

The ‘Greater Manchester Clean Air Plan to tackle nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exceedances’ (GM Clean Air Plan) proposes a package of measures to significantly reduce NO2 emissions from the most polluting road vehicles, which are linked to a range of serious health problems and reduced life expectancy1.

Poor air quality is the largest environmental public health issue facing the UK, with air pollution estimated to contribute to the equivalent of 1,200 deaths in Greater Manchester each year2.

A seven-week clean air conversation runs until Sunday 30 June. More information is available at, where people can fill out a survey to give detailed feedback on the GM Clean Air Plan proposals, which include:

  • An unprecedented £116m upgrade programme to clean up the city-region’s bus, coach, minibus, HGV, taxi and van fleets over the next two-to-four years.
  • A Clean Air Zone covering all 10 Greater Manchester local council areas with a population of nearly three million people across 500 square miles, the largest proposed Clean Air Zone outside London. The zone would mean that high-polluting, non-compliant HGVs, buses, coaches, taxis, private hire vehicles, vans, motorhomes, motorised horseboxes (with a maximum weight of 3.5 tonnes when not carrying a load) and minibuses – but not cars3 – would be subject to a daily penalty to travel in Greater Manchester4.
  • Significant investment in 600 new public rapid electric vehicle charging points across the city-region – nearly trebling the size of the GMEV electric charging network.

Greater Manchester’s proposals include a request to national government for a major package of funding to help clean up Greater Manchester’s air while supporting businesses to upgrade vehicles and sustaining economic growth.

The proposed Clean Air Zone would be implemented from 2021 and would initially mean that buses, coaches, HGVs, taxis and private hire vehicles that do not meet emission standards would be required to pay a daily penalty to drive in Greater Manchester.

From 2023 the Clean Air Zone would also include non-compliant vans, minibuses, motorhomes and motorised horseboxes – when the availability of compliant vans on the market will make switching a viable option.

Deputy Mayor of Greater Manchester and business and economy lead, Sir Richard Leese, said: “Air pollution at the roadside is one of the biggest threats to our health in Greater Manchester. And, as a result, it affects how productive we are.

“We need to make sure that our Clean Air Plan proposals tackle air pollution from commercial road vehicles as quickly as possible to protect the health of us all – including the most vulnerable groups such as children, older people and those with existing health conditions.

“We recognise that our proposals could be challenging for many businesses across the region, in particular small businesses and sole traders – the backbone of our economy.

“That’s why we’re working with businesses of all types and sizes to understand how the proposals could affect them and to make sure that the right funding from government and support is available to help them switch to cleaner vehicles or retrofit their older, most polluting vehicles.

“As part of building a thriving and sustainable city-region, the environmental agenda also offers our businesses a huge opportunity to grow, and we’re committed to making Greater Manchester one of the greenest, healthiest and most attractive places in Europe in which to live, work and do business.

“This conversation is a real chance for those people and businesses who could be affected by the proposals – and anyone who cares about cleaning up the air we all breathe – to give their views and help us develop the right solutions for Greater Manchester.”

Chris Fletcher, Marketing & Campaigns Director at Greater Manchester Chamber of Commerce, said: “Air pollution is not just bad for our health – it’s bad for business. An unhealthy workforce means more sick leave and lower productivity.

“Greater Manchester businesses need to let our local decision-makers know how the Clean Air Plan proposals would affect them.

“Business input will be crucial to make sure the detailed plan offers the right support for business, from sole traders to large companies.

“So I’d urge all businesses across our region to find out about the proposals and give their feedback on this very important issue.”

Once the conversation responses have been used to further develop the Greater Clean Air Plan, a statutory public consultation will take place on detailed proposals.

A final business case for the GM Clean Air Plan would be developed by the end of 2019, following public consultation, and subject to further local authority approvals.

To find out more and take part in the survey, visit

1 It has been estimated that polluted air contributes to the equivalent of 1,200 deaths a year in Greater Manchester alone (Public Health Outcome (PHOF) indicator 3.01, 2016.) Road transport causes 80% of NO2 emissions at the roadside, mainly from diesel vehicles.

2 In common with more than 60 areas across the UK, Greater Manchester has been instructed by government to consider introducing a Clean Air Zone as part of measures to help comply with legal annual limits for harmful NO2 levels on some local roads in the shortest possible time. More than 250 locations on 152 roads in Greater Manchester have been identified as needing action.

3 Analysis of several Clean Air Zone options included the option of a Greater Manchester-wide Zone including cars. The modelling suggests that including the most-polluting cars would not have brought forward the date of compliance with legal limits for NO2 compared with the proposed option that has been endorsed by the GMCA and the 10 local authorities – and would have disproportionately, negatively affected more deprived communities.

4 There would be a daily penalty payment for non-compliant vehicles travelling in the proposed Clean Air Zone. Owners of taxis and private hire would pay a proposed £7.50 from 2021 and vans, minibuses, motorhomes and motorised horseboxes (with a maximum weight of 3.5 tonnes when not carrying a load) £7.50 from 2023. HGV and bus and coach operators would pay a proposed £100 from 2021. These indicative daily penalty rates have been estimated for the purposes of the GM Clean Air Plan Outline Business Case and are subject to refinement through development of a Full Business Case, consultation and engagement. They have been estimated at similar levels to other UK local authorities at Outline Business Case stage.